Prescription Medication

Abuse of prescription medication can relate to any form of drug taking from using more medication than you have been prescribed, to getting unnecessary prescriptions for fake pains or stealing pills from a loved one to crush, snort or inject. The types of medications that can be abused are varied and include opioids, blood pressure medication and benzodiazepines.

An increasing problem, prescription drug abuse can affect all age groups, including teens. The prescription drugs most often abused include opioid painkillers, anti-anxiety medications, sedatives, and stimulants

mayoclinic.org

Recognising the Signs

Signs and symptoms of prescription drug abuse:

Opioids

Constipation
Nausea
Euphoria
Slowed breathing
Drowsiness
Confusion
Hyperalgesia

Anti-anxiety
Medications/Sedatives

Drowsiness
Confusion
Unsteady walking
Poor concentration
Dizziness
Memory problems
Slowed breathing
             

Stimulants

Increased alertness
Feeling high
Irregular heartbeat
High body temp
Reduced appetite
Insomnia
Agitation
Anxiety
Paranoia

In Victoria since 2009, there have been over 260 deaths every year due to prescription medication overdose.

Recovery from prescription drug abuse can be successfully managed with specialist support.

Seahaven Private is ready to help you take the next step towards changing your life.

The Side-Effects

Each type of prescription drug has a different effect on the brain, but all affect the brain’s neurotransmitters and receptors.

Opioid pain medication

Include morphine and oxycodone. These drugs bind to molecules on cells known as opioid receptors, which are the same receptors that respond to heroin. They release large amounts of dopamine in the brain and can strongly reinforce the act of taking the drug. These drugs can make you feel sleepy, nauseous, and constipated.

Stimulants

Such as Ritalin, have similar effects to cocaine and cause a buildup of dopamine. This makes the body expect such large amounts of dopamine so when it does not receive it, creates depression and a loss of joy in activities that used to be pleasurable. These drugs can make you feel paranoid and cause your temperature to rise sometimes to dangerous levels.

Depressants

Include Zoloft, Prozac, and Lexapro. These drugs make the user feel calm and relaxed.  Side effects can present as slurred speech, sleepiness, and disorientation. It is important to see medical assistance if you are trying to stop using depressants after using them regularly as this can cause seizures.

The Interactive Drug Wheel

The Drug Wheel classifies drugs as part of seven general categories: Stimulants, Depressants, Cannabinoids, Psychedelics, Opioids, Dissociatives and Empathogens. Find out about the effects of drugs and more information about specific drugs. Go to Alcohol and Drug Foundation to use the app

Australian Drug Foundation Drug Wheel